Physical, Technical and Computer Sciences Institute of Yuriy Fedcovich Chernivtsi National University

Department of General Physics

History of the department

Department of General Physics was founded in 1964 at the Physics and Mathematics Department of Chernivtsi State University to provide training physics students in natural sciences and engineering disciplines.

The first head of the department was Professor M.S. Shulga – a well-known theorist and practician of physical demonstration experiment. At that time the department has focused on the research and pedagogical work related to the method of teaching physics.

In 1973, the department was transformed into Department of General Technology, and was headed by PhD, Professor A.V. Sawicki. Since his arrival, the Department staff has expanded its scope of scientific research studying the physical properties of semiconductor materials.

Since 1980, the department is headed by Associate Professor I.M. Pilate. The research team under his supervision studied the properties of anisotropic semiconductor compounds. Through extensive practical implementation of research the Research and Production Company "Tensor" was founded at the department.

Since its inception in 1988 the engineering department of the Department of General Physics became its part.

Processes taking place in the economic life of the country at that time stimulated the development of new production forms, widespread adoption of information technology, computer technology, sophisticated equipment. The quality of this training hass largely determined qualifications of teachers. This region needs highly qualified teaching staff for technical and vocational education and specialized secondary schools. This resulted in the development of the department specialities “Vocational training” and “Labour training and Training Foundations of Computer Science.” Professor R.D. Vengrenovich, who headed the department in 1990, was developing these new profession lines.

Specificity of training teachers of technical subjects consists in the need for close and efficient integration of psychological, educational, engineering, production and technological components in their training. Built on the basis of the integration of system engineering and teacher training, the Department of Physics ensured effective solution to the problem of formation of professional identity “engineer-teacher”, able to teach and train skilled workers.

Scientific and pedagogical research lectures conducted in accordance with the relevant national and international experience improve pedagogical skills of teachers of technical subjects. This is further projected on the study and implementation of the results of special international educational programs designed for teachers of technical subjects in higher education. One of these was the program "Engineering Education", which was realized by the instructors of European Society of Engineers.

Since then, the Department conducted systematic research and pedagogical activities on professional adaptation and strengthening of young workers in the workplace. Research interests are consistent with the plans of research department of labor studies and drawings of the National Pedagogical University named after M. Drahomanov and approved by the Council on the coordination of research in the field of Pedagogy and Psychology of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine.

Proceedings of the studies represent important information to address common issues of improvement of professional training young people to choose the most efficient forms of training skilled workers for the future.

Results of psychological and educational research recommended Scientific and Methodological Center for Vocational Education, Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine to implement the system of vocational education state. The results are used in teaching vocational courses at the National Pedagogical University named after M. Drahomanov, Kherson State University, Hlukhivsky State Pedagogical University, Chernivtsi Regional Institute of Postgraduate Pedagogical Education, and others.

Educational and laboratory facilities of the Department were significantly expanded including the creation of new teaching and research laboratories, a computer lab, a branch of the department at JSC "Machine-Building Plant".

From 2007 to 2010 the department was headed by Candidate of Physical and Mathematical sciences, Associate Professor I.M. Grigorashchuk, and since 2010 – Doctor of Physical and Mathematical sciences, Associate Professor V.M. Kramar.

The Department works in the following directions of research activities:

-Structural phase transitions in the process of Ostwald ripening Nanodispersed systems (prof. R.D. Vengrenovich; PhD, Associate Professors: M.O.Stasyk, I.A. Lopatnyuk, V.Z. Tsaly, S. Yarema, A.V. Moskaluk, PhD, Assistants: B.V. Ivanskii, O.P. Croitor);

-Modeling of biomechanical systems (prof. O.H. Shayko-Shaykovskyi, PhD, Assistant Professor: K.V. Steblina);

-Kinetics of non-equilibrium phase transitions (Prof. Y.V. Gudyma, PhD A.V. Maksimov);

-Theory of quasiparticle spectra in bulk and quasi-two-dimensional semiconductor crystal structures (Prof., Head of the Department V.M. Kramar, PhD, Associate Professor I.V. Fesiv, postgraduate stusents A.V. Puhantseva, D.V. Kondriuk);

-Scientific and pedagogical studies in vocational pedagogy (PhD, Associate Professor V.O. Davidovich, PhD, Assistant Professor V.V. Tomash).

The department provides training in about thirty fundamental and professionally oriented subjects. A wide range of laboratory practical training is performed by the staff of the Department: L.L. Kurhanetska, L.P. Ostashevska, L.I. Semenko and others.

Scientific achievements have been published in leading national and international academic journals, copyright certificates, secure implemented in candidate and doctoral dissertations.

The staff of the Department has defended more than 10 PhD dissertations, performed 3 doctoral dissertations, published over 300 research papers and received 30 patents.

The history of the department is associated with the names of famous scientists: Professors L.I. Anatychuk, O.Ya. Luste, I.S. Buda, V.V. Nechyporuk and others.